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  1. For many potato growers the concept of sterilising soil for Potato Cyst Nematode (PCN) control, and leaving it bare over the winter until the next crop goes in, is standard practise. However more often than not this results in detrimental soil erosion as the adverse winter conditions take their toll, which has led one firm to look at what can be done to readdress this.

    David Hildred of Boston Crop Sprayers was asked by a client to look into how to establish a cover crop such as mustard whilst sterilising the soil with Metam-sodium (Metam) for PCN control.
    “We discussed the idea of sowing mustard seed whilst applying the Metam as the soil temperature and moisture required for applying the Metam are also ideal for mustard establishment.”

    Mustard established alongside Metam

    This is a fairly new concept, so we needed to look into the best way to get the seed drilled whilst applying the Metam, he says.

    “We began experimenting last autumn by walking alongside the Metam applicator and manually throwing the mustard seed between the levelling boards and the hydraulic roller as we were smearing off the soil.”

    “We did manage to establish a good mustard crop in this way, which was then left over the winter before being chopped and incorporated ahead of the next potato crop.”
    Mr Hildred was really pleased with the results, having seen a definite reduction in soil erosion. “However we had to find a better way of establishing the crop alongside the Metam application, “he says.

    Metam applicator

    “So we looked at fitting a Stocks micro meter applicator with two hoppers to the steriliser with twelve deflector cones, after the rotavator levelling boards and before the roller, giving a 3.2 m spread.“

    “So far this season we have trialled this method over about 100ha, using brown mustard seed at a rate of 5kg/ha, and the mustard has established well.”

    “It’s worth remembering that in 2015 the Metam label recommendation was reduced to 300l/ha so any additional control is an advantage for PCN control, and the mustard crop offers bio fumigant activity, although this has not been properly quantified in trials,” he points out.

    For more information on this approach please contact BCS on 01205 722240